The abnormal and excessive fat deposition in the body resulting in the negative health effect is called as obesity. Obesity is checked via calculating Body Mass Index (BMI, weight in kilograms divided by height in meter square) which on average should be 25. If BMI is 25 or more, overweight and if BMI is 30 or more, it is obese.
Obesity can lead to many diseases like Type -2 diabetes, high blood pressure, chronic diseases and heart ailments. The primary factors leading to obesity are slow metabolism, excessive food intake, no physical exercises and genetic factor.
Obesity is the major concern in today’s generation and is prevailing amongst youngsters, children and adults equally.
The cause of obesity is primarily due to genetic, medical and psychiatric reasons. The other risks are insufficient sleep, excess food intake and absolute or lack of physical activity. Youngsters today live sedentary lifestyle with increased dependence on technology and mechanised transportation along with insufficient physical activity. Medical conditions involving hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, growth hormone deficiency and diabetic medicines for lowering blood sugar like insulin, sulfonylureas and corticosteroids like prednisone can also lead to obesity. Medications involving antidepressants, anticonvulsants like carbamazepine (Tegretol, equetro, carbatrol) and valproate involve significant weight gain. Gut flora, a microorganism found in intestine responsible for metabolism, can affect the metabolic potential in people leading to obesity. Delayed pregnancy can also cause obesity in children.
Food and drug approved weight loss medicines are available in market such as Sibutramine and Phentermine. The former might increase the risk of stroke and attack where as latter can decrease appetite. Orlistat (Xenical, Alli) is an anti-obesity drug (lipase inhibitors), they inhibit the activity of lipase enzymes in intestine preventing from the fat absorption by 30%. It is taken three times a day after a meal. Side effects are bowel habits, bowel movements and gas. Women taking Orlistat may have irregular menstrual cycles. Belviq and Qsymia are also weight loss medicines administered. Side effects of Belviq are headache, fatigue and dizziness where as Qsymia has increased heart rate, eye problems and suicidal thoughts and birth defects.
It is important to realize that in adults small amount of weight loss (1-2 pounds a week or 500-1000 cal a day) shall be a good and safe start initially and should be constant and maintained. Obesity is a long-term medication and often has high relapse rate i.e people can regain weight after losing it within a short period.
It is important to meet your dietician and have a good strategy plan for children which includes cutback on calorie intake, lot of physical activity and long-term healthy eating plan.
A low-calorie diet involves low saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sugar, and sodium salt fat-free or low-fat products yoghurt, cheese, milk. Protein rich nutritious food includes lean meat, fish, beans, sprouts. Whole grain food like brown bread, oat meal, brown rice, pasta, cereals, bagels, lot of fruits and vegetables, canola and olive oils, almonds and walnuts. It is absolutely necessary to have regular exercising habits on a daily basis which would curb obesity to a great extent like walking, swimming, playing, taking stairs etc.
Authors Bio: Rickey is a renowned health instructor. He has written many articles on health care, health supplements, different types of psychological disorders, care providers and lots more. In this article he writes about obesity.